Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease that involves inflammation and sores in the lining of the rectum and colon. These sores, known as ulcers, can flare up and cause painful symptoms and can lead to colon cancer.
The cause of ulcerative colitis is not known, but may be associated with immune system abnormalities. Stress and other environmental factors may trigger symptoms when the condition exists.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis occur in flare-ups that can be sudden and severe or begin gradually. Common symptoms include:
Loss of appetite
Treatment for ulcerative colitis depends on the severity of the disease, but can include drug therapy to induce and maintain remission. Many people with ulcerative colitis eventually need their colons removed because of excessive bleeding and a high risk of cancer. Dr. Kim performs a surgical procedure that removes the affected tissue and can potentially cure the disease.